Strategic Sector For Quality Textiles
Italian spinning machinery manufacturers combine research and development with downstream processing demands to create high-quality machines for the entire spinning segment.
Textile World Asia Special Report
In 2005, the spinning machine segment accounted for approximately 25 percent, or 635 million euros, of Italian textile machinery production. More than 83 percent of the turnover — about 524 million euros in 2005 — is achieved in foreign markets.
In the first half of 2006, exports amounted to 250 million euros. Asia is the main destination for the spinning machines produced in Italy — accounting for 52 percent of textile machinery exports by Italian manufacturers. China is by far the main export market, with a 22-percent share of total export sales. Other markets in which the Italian manufacturers of this sector hold an interesting share are India, with 10 percent, and Poland, with 6 percent.
Italian companies engaged in the production of spinning machines are located mostly in the areas of Biella and Prato, in the provinces of Lombardy — which have a longer textile tradition — and in the Veneto region.
The Italian supply is nearly all-inclusive, as the machines enable the processing of the whole range of fibers used in textile production. Equally wide is the range of equipment engineered and manufactured to create the manifold specialities that characterize the Italian spinning machinery sector.
A selection of products from Italian spinning machinery manufacturers, courtesy of the Italian Association of Textile Machinery Manufacturers
Also, as far as cotton spinning systems are concerned, some prominent Italian companies offer complete equipment for the processing not only of cotton, but also of flax and blends with man-made fibers, both artificial and synthetic, from bale-opening to the final treatment of the yarns.
In recent years, applied research of the Italian spinning machinery manufacturers focused mainly on the critical points of the process, while also considering the priorities of the textile market downstream.
As to the preparatory processes for spinning, Italian manufacturers strive to find proper solutions to the following primary needs: to reduce the investment and management costs of the preparatory lines; and to focus attention on machinery for niche production with higher added value in order to obtain a higher remuneration of invested capital. These efforts gave rise to preparatory lines that are more compact and simpler, and feature smaller overall dimensions than earlier lines, thanks to greater sophistication of the opening and cleaning zones for the processed fibers, as well as to more thorough and electronically managed supervision of process conditions in the long run. Almost all manufacturers have done their utmost to find more effective solutions for the elimination of the equipment, which increases operating, maintenance and surface occupation costs. The Italian supply of preparatory spinning machines stands out particularly because of its flexibility and ability to adapt to a production logic that aims, by managing small lots, to achieve substantial added value and permits spinners to approach market niches with profitable remuneration levels.
Over the years, the yarn-formation process experienced intense technological evolution. Italian manufacturers maintained a sensitive and vigilant attitude to grasp the most specific aspects of the technical and stylistic performances of a final textile product under continuous transformation; in this way, they were able and ready to offer the machines suited to meet the requirements of the very moment. The manufacturers of cotton- and wool-spinning machines practically abandoned the traditional technology — especially in the last two or three decades — and designed new solutions.
Fancy yarn spinning certainly does not lack research, creativity and attention to fashion changes. The resort to fancy yarns for the production of articles with special effects permits the approach to market niches that can offer reasonable profit margins, even against fierce international competition.
Italian companies also specialize in the manufacture of machines for the processing of regenerated fibers — cutting machines, tearing machines, openers and carding willows, for example. These machines serve a textile segment that is still important in Italy and enjoys considerable demand from many foreign markets, especially from Eastern Europe.
Italian companies play a leading role in manufacturing machines for the automatic handling of spinning packages — bobbins, cops and cones. Some companies offer plants and systems for air processing room conditioning and cleaning. These systems are indispensable to optimize production in the spinning mill.
The stock of Italian technology for the spinning sector maintains, therefore, a high market value. The long tradition and high competence acquired through daily contact with textile industries downstream has led Italian spinning machinery manufacturers to play a role of primary importance as technological partners for the production of high-quality textiles.
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